Saijutsu: Traditional Okinawan Weapon Art

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Brief Overview of Karate

See details for additional description. Skip to main content. About this product. Brand new: lowest price The lowest-priced brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item in its original packaging where packaging is applicable. The foundation forms for basic weapon handling in step-by-step detail. The specific kata from the basic forms to the classical katas. Read full description. See details and exclusions. Buy it now. This sword was the katana. Katana swords are generally between two and four feet in length and, though curved, have a less pronounced arc than the tachi.

Evidence suggests that the bokken used today in Iaido has been used as a weapon since about AD. The bokken is a solid wooden stick with the same shape, weight and length as a sword. It has a tsuba and is usually made of red or white oak.

It is not kept in a saya but if possible should be kept in cloth bag to offer it protection. The same respect should be shown to your bokken as to your sword, it should not be handled by other people without your permission, should be laid horizontal if possible, not leant against something as it may fall over. Your bokken should be regularly oiled all over to stop the timber drying out. When practicing kendo katas with a bokken it is not fed through your hakama or obi but simply held in the left hand. The obvious disadvasntage of using a bokken in iaido is there is no saya, this means the practitioner will not benefit from saya practice with the left hand, which is equally important as the right in the art of iaido.

Pride should be taken in your bokken with cleaning and checking for damage at the beginning of each lesson.

The Kata of Shorinjiryu – Nijushiho no Sai

Just as important is your frame of mind and manner on the dojo floor. Remember this training relates to a very old tradition that has its history in Chinese swordsmanship over years old, and is also tied inextricably with zen, the meditative and passive side of martial arts, which has roots even further back, to Indian missionary monks who traveled into china preaching Buddhist beliefs.

Attention should be given to your clothing. Clean, neat kendogi is important.

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A hakama is preferable to gi pants as it is the traditional clothing with practice related to the sword. It also facilitates the wearing of an obi a wide belt wrapped around the body under your hakama to hold your sword or bokken tight to your body during practice. In Japan a small group fight with bokkens without armour. Chalk is applied to the end of the blade to register a strike. It is interesting to note that use of the sword was restricted to bushi, or samurai, the exception was instruction to the sons of nobility in the city or Nara, then the capital of Japan.

Like other martial arts, the sword was closely guarded, fortunately now it can be enjoyed by all. Anthropologists know, however, that it was among the first tools used by early man to help him survive. Initially, it took the form of a stick, a branch from a tree or a club and was used both to defend against attackers and to acquire food. Over the ages, the use of the bo or kon as a weapon has been developed and refined. Still, because modern practitioners hesitate over the exact details of its evolution, several theories on the history of the bo, as it is known today prevail.

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Whether factual or not, one very popular theory exists: Around A. During this period of Chinese history, government control was minimal and law and order belonged only to those capable of securing it for themselves. For Daruma and his pupils, proficiency in the martial arts and the use of weapons like the spear, the sai and bo provided the only practicable means of defending their temple.

The bo-jitsu techniques Daruma ordered his followers to master and perfect greatly influenced the later development of Ryukyu Kobu-Do. Ryukyu Kobu-Do, the Okinawan art of using karate weapons such as the bo, the sai, the kama sickle and the nunchaku, first gained reputation around A. First, it barred all the population of the island from owning or possessing any sort of lethal weapon.

Second, it forced on them a massive increase in taxes. Deprived of any conventional means of physical protest or retaliation, the people turned not only to empty-handed martial arts for protection, but to their farm implements as well, using them as weapons which eventually became the tonfa, nunchaku, kama, kai boat oar and the bo.

The bo itself originated with the tenbin, a stick held across the shoulders, usually with buckets hanging from them at each end, that was used to transport food, water and other materials of importance. When the need arose, the tenbin, or the bo as it is known today, was manipulated to strike or block in techniques based on or very similar to those used by Daruma and his disciples.

The bo is either a five or six foot staff which is used in the Japanese art Bojutsu. The best known staffs are the Japanese bo and jo. The bo staff is made of hardwood would be made to a length of 6ft although it is common these days to alter the length to suit the user and has a diameter of about 3. The jo staff is more appropriately a stick, because it is much shorter. Its art is called Jojutsu. Staffs are used to defend against swords and to thrust and to sweep.

In it's original form and usage, the Okinawan Bo would have been similar to the Chinese equivelent and had an equal diameter throughout the length of it's shaft, but as time wore on and the Bo became an effective weapon, a taper at each end developed which allows for a much more focused and effective strike.

Zen Okinawan Kobudo Renmei - Wikipedia

It can also be used to block an attack as well as to sweep the feet. The length of the Bo also makes it a good weapon in defence against swords and to disarm an opponent while allowing the Bo wielder to remain at a safer distance. Staffs in Asia are known by the different names of barn, bong, forked staff, hanbo, lathi, naboot, rod, short staff, tabak, tambo, tanbo, tekken, three section staff and tienbong. The walking cane was often converted to use as a staff, especially among monks who were otherwise unprotected.

The bam is a Chinese long staff. It is very similar to the long rod, but has a heavy metal fitting at one end, sometimes with serrated edges, as on a wolf teeth staff. The long rod is a Chinese weapon from five to eight feet long. It was made of hardwood, brass or iron. It was used as a defensive weapon against a sword or a knife.

Saijutsu - Traditional Okinawan Weapon Art By: Katsumi Murakami

The techniques used were brushing, sweeping and striking. The tapered rod is also a Chinese weapon. It could be used by fighters on horseback and it was also used to attack a horse's legs. There are three lengths- Long 8 feet or more, called shuo. Medium less than 8 feet long, called shi. Short about 4 feet long, called giau chiz. Although the actual size and dimension of a bo depend on the individual student's needs, the standard bo or kon is straight, six-foot- long roku shaku-bo.

Measuring about 31mm in diameter, it tapers out to 19mm in diameter at each end. This tapered construction of the bo functions in several ways: 1 It insures an even balance and guarantees that the bo's fulcrum stays at its centre. While most bo posses this tapered structure, they do vary in length and shape.

Apart from the standard six-foot measurement, bo range anywhere from four feet in length yon-shaku-bo to nine feet in length kyu- shaku-bo. They are usually round or circular at the centre and maintain this shape as they taper out. Although modern students use the circular shaped bo almost entirely in their training, early practitioners of bo-jitsu often took square, hexagonal or octagonal shaped bo into combat because the multiple edges provided a more destructive effect.

Okinawan Sai (traditional kobudo weapon) - 2 of 3

Modem bo-jitsu men use strong, hard wood, preferably red or white oak, in the construction of their weapons. In earlier days, however, strong bamboo was sometimes substituted for the wood, resulting in a surprisingly sturdy and effective bo.