Phenomena of climatological interest include the atmospheric boundary layer , circulation patterns , heat transfer radiative , convective and latent , interactions between the atmosphere and the oceans and land surface particularly vegetation , land use and topography , and the chemical and physical composition of the atmosphere.
Related disciplines include astrophysics , atmospheric physics , chemistry , ecology , physical geography , geology , geophysics , glaciology , hydrology , oceanography , and volcanology. All of the Solar System's planets have atmospheres. This is because their gravity is strong enough to keep gaseous particles close to the surface. Larger gas giants are massive enough to keep large amounts of the light gases hydrogen and helium close by, while the smaller planets lose these gases into space. There is a thin atmosphere on Triton , and a trace of an atmosphere on the Moon.
Planetary atmospheres are affected by the varying degrees of energy received from either the Sun or their interiors, leading to the formation of dynamic weather systems such as hurricanes , on Earth , planet-wide dust storms on Mars , an Earth-sized anticyclone on Jupiter called the Great Red Spot , and holes in the atmosphere on Neptune. Hot Jupiters have been shown to be losing their atmospheres into space due to stellar radiation, much like the tails of comets. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The study of the atmosphere, its processes, and interactions with other systems.
Calendar seasons. Winter Spring Summer Autumn. Tropical seasons. Dry season Harmattan Wet season. Meteorology Climate change Tornado terms Tropical cyclone terms. Main article: Atmospheric chemistry. See also: Synoptic scale meteorology. Main article: Atmospheric physics.
GLOBAL ATMOSPHERIC CHANGE
Main article: Climatology. Retrieved Atmospheric Dynamics.
Retrieved on 1 June The Astronomical Journal. Bibcode : AJ Saunders College Publishing. University of Arizona Press, pp. Archived from the original on 8 August Retrieved 9 September Bibcode : Natur. Retrieved 15 August To get the best experience possible, please download a compatible browser.
The Earth's Atmosphere
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Atmospheric scientists may also be found working for private weather services, television and radio stations, commercial airlines, state governments, colleges and universities, public utilities, consulting firms, and aircraft and instrument manufacturing companies. Good communication skills oral and written are necessary as atmospheric scientists attend conferences and workshops where they share their results with other researchers. They write papers and technical reports detailing the results of their research, give progress reports, and disseminate information to the public.
This book covers a wide area of the atmospheric science, focusing particularly on those physical and dynamical aspects of our environment which tend to create heat sources and sinks in the earth-atmosphere system and which it seeks to balance through circulation at different time and space scales. The processes of heat transfer in the atmosphere and ocean by general circulation and by waves and oscillations are discussed in detail. The heat balance of the atmosphere is considered, after taking into consideration the role of various types of greenhouse gases that may be present.
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In this context, the publication of the book will be very timely and will be welcomed by all those interested in knowing more about our atmosphere and the way it works, especially with regard to the contentious issue of global warming by greenhouse gases released by human activities on earth. Starting with the origin, composition and structure of the atmosphere, the physics part deals with the laws of heat and thermodynamics of dry and moist air, water vapor and its transformation into different phases and formation of cloud and rain under different stability conditions, solar and terrestrial radiation and their impact on the gaseous envelope in different layers of the atmosphere which create sources and sinks in different parts of the atmosphere especially in its boundary layers.
The dynamics part highlights the various types of motion systems including the general circulation of waves and oscillations which create the heat balance in the earth-atmosphere system. With the issue of global warming occupying political and public interest, this volume supplies the necessary foundation for students to understand the controlling factors and physics behind atmospheric processes.
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